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Musical Dialogue of Cultures

Concert in Verdi Tuning (A = 432 / C = 256 Hz)

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart – Coronation Mass

Beethoven: Die Himmel rühmen des Ewigen Ehre

Bach: Double Concerto in D major, BWV 1043

Vivaldi: Concerto in A minor, RV 158

Tchaikovsky: Andante Cantabile

Folk Songs from Russia, Ukraine and China

Berlin, Germany – June 25, 2016




A Musical Dialogue of Cultures

Concert in the Verdi Tuning (a = 432 Hz)

In these dark times of terrorism, war and the dramatic refugee crises, it is essential to recall the superiority of human creativity over the forces of destruction. And what could better demonstrate this unique human capability than the great masterpieces of diverse civilizations? By recognizing the one in the many, and by placing what unites us above what separates us, we will be able to overcome the present profound civilizational crisis. In that spirit, the leitmotif of this concert is the dialogue of cultures.

The performers are members of the Camerata Geminiani, the Russian Children’s Choir of the Shostakovich Music School in Berlin-Lichtenberg, the Chinese Academic Chorus in Berlin, and the International Chorus of the Schiller Institute. The event is organized by the Network for International Cultural Exchange (NICE) and the Schiller Institute.

With this concert, we contribute to realizing Giuseppe Verdi’s wish to bring musical tuning back to where it was when the classical composers lived. The standard pitch gradually been raised to the point where it is practically one tone higher today than it was 200 years ago. Had Bach, Scarlatti, Mozart, Beethoven, Verdi and others wanted to have their works played one tone higher, they would have written them that way. In fact, the specific characteristics of the human singing voice and of the human body, as well as the proportions in nature and the universe suggest that there does exist a scientific tuning.

In the 1980s and 1990s, the Schiller Institute launched an international petition to lower the standard pitch from an arbitrary a = 440-450Hz to an a = 432Hz, as called for by Giuseppe Verdi. The petition gathered signatures from thousands of the top classical singers of the day, including Luciano Pavarotti, Joan Sutherland, Renata Tebaldi, Placido Domingo, Mirella Freni, Monserrat Caballé, Kurt Moll, Birgit Nilsson, Carlo Bergonzi and Piero Cappuccilli, just to name a few. Defense of the classical tradition of bel canto singing was at the center of the campaign. As Guiseppe Verdi himself wrote in February 1884, he favored “a single pitch for the entire musical world”, adding that the lower tuning gives the sonority “something more noble, more full and majestic than the shrieks a high pitch could ever give.”

The campaign for Verdi’s “scientific tuning” led to an international music symposium in Casa Verdi/Milan on April 9, 1988, during which the difference between usual tuning of today and the natural Verdi tuning was conclusively demonstrated. It made clear that the principles of music and science cannot be separated, and also that changing the register shifts (passagio) creates a problem not only for the singing voice, but also for musical instruments.

Thus, the optimal resonance of the famous Stradivari violin “Il Cremonese” lies at C = 256Hz (a = 432Hz), as analyzed by the International Institute for Violin making in Cremona. Norbert Brainin, the first violin of the legendary Amadeus String Quartett, who supported the Schiller Institute campaign, demonstrated the contrast between the different concert pitches, including at a concert in Munich’s Max-Joseph-Saal in 1988. Brainin also conducted several master classes with the Schiller Institute in the 1990s on the subject of thorough composition and tuning.

Just recently the Schiller Institute campaign again inspired a number of important initiatives in Italy. In Roncole, Verdi’s birthplace, a yearly festival in the Verdi tuning began last year ( And the grand-niece of Verdi, Gaia Maschi Verdi, brought her grand-uncle’s piano from the Barezzo House/Bussetto to Teatro Argentina in Rome on June 6, to remain there on exhibition until Dec. 31. This piano (Carol Otto, Berlin) is tuned at a = 432Hz. For more on the subject, see


in the Verdi Tuning (a = 432 Hz)

Download the Concert Program →




Ingo Bathow


Conductor Ingo Bathow was born in Germany but came early to the U.S. to be trained as a horn player by a member of the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and to study at Northwestern University. His keen interest in historical music after graduation led to continued studies with Prof. John Stevens at Cambridge University. He began his career as a conductor and lecturer in 1989 when he became musical director of the Novum Convivium Musicum in Rome for a decade of intense staging of oratorios and operas. In 2003 he was elected President of the Network for International Cultural Exchange in Berlin that promotes the understanding between nations by the exchange of artists, composers and musical performances. From this period dates the intense and fertile cultural exchange with the People’s Republic of China which has resulted in his conducting of the China National Orchestra Chorus in the Beijing Concert Hall.

NICE Logo Weiß

Sua Baek


Sua Baek, Soprano and répétiteur, attended the Seoul Arts High School, majoring in vocal studies. She then studied with Prof. Gabriele Schnaut and Michaela Kaune at the Universität der Künste of Berlin. Sua Baek performed several Liederabende in Berlin and Weimar and as soloist in the opening concert of the 50th Choriner music festival with the Brandenburg Staatsorchester Frankfurt under the direction of GMD Howard Griffiths, as well as in the grand hall of the Berlin Philharmonic with the Camerata vocale Berlin chorus, conducted by Etta Hilsberg. She currently continues her studies as répétiteur with Prof. Alexander Vitlin at the Musikhochschule Hanns Eisler. She has worked as répétiteur for the Staatsoper Berlin and the Deutsche Oper Berlin, and as musical director for several opera productions.

Mayumi Nakamura


Mayumi Nakamura was born in Japan, where she attended the Musical High School “Kitakamakura Joshigakuen”. After graduation, she studied voice at the “Tokyo College of Music” and received her music degree for opera singing and Japanese musical education in 1996. Mayumi Nakamura has lived in Germany since 2000; she was engaged in the opera production of Jean Pacalet’s Ce soir on tue le cochon.

She is continually expanding her repertoire, by participating, for example, in the master classes of the Vienna Music Seminar and the 19th Steglitz Festival for Early Music (opera seria – opera buffa). In numerous concert engagements, both as soloist and as chorus member, Mayumi Nakamura has performed in the Berlin Dome, the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Gedächtniskirche, the St. Matthäus-Kirche and at the Waldbühne in Berlin (among others). Since 2013, she has been a member of the Ernst Senff Choir Berlin as well as of the International Vocal Ensemble Choir, and works as a concert singer and vocal teacher.

Jose Mari Rubio


Philippine tenor Jose Mari Rubio is a member and soloist of the Diplomatic Choir of Berlin. He started classical vocal training at 11 years old, in time for his participation at the National Music Competition for Young Artists (NAMCYA), a competitive platform for young classical singers held at the Cultural Center of the Philippines. He won the top prize in the solo voice category of NAMCYA. It was also in the same year that he joined a children’s choir for his first international concert tour in the United States. During his time at the university, he became a member and soloist of two time Choir of the World winners, the University of Santo Tomas Singers, and has joined the choir for competitions and five international concert tours covering North and Central America, Asia and Europe. He worked years in government service and corporate industry before joining his wife on a diplomatic mission in Berlin.

Chanyoung Lee


Chanyoung Lee studied at the Hanyang University in Seoul, South Korea, and studies for his Masters at the Musikhochschule Hanns Eisler since 2014. He has performed the roles of Sarastro in The Magic Flute and Leporello in Don Giovanni by W. A. Mozart in Seoul, as well as Falstaff in Merry Wives of Windsor by O. Nicolai, Pasquale in Don Pasquale by G. Donizetti and speaker in The Magic Flute by W. A. Mozart at the Hochschule Hanns Eisler Berlin. In the oratorio repertoire, he has performed several masses in Seoul: Missa brevis in G, KV 49 and Missa brevis in d, KV 65, Missa in C „Dominicusmesse“, KV 66 and Mass in C „Trinitatismesse“, KV 167 by W. A. Mozart.



The Schiller Institute Chorus

The Schiller Institute intends, through its work in music, to help create a cultural renaissance, focused on the development of each individual’s creativity. Over the past 15 years, the European Schiller Institute chorus has worked on and presented selected pieces of the classical repertoire in the Verdi tuning and the belcanto tradition. Among them, Jesu, meine Freude, the Magnificat and Mass in B minor of J.S. Bach, the fourth movement of Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony, as well as his Choral Fantasy and selections from the opera Fidelio. Renowned teachers of bel canto singing, such as Antonella Banaudi, support this work.

In the United States, the Schiller Institute, together with the Foundation for the Revival of Classical Culture, initiated a choral project in December 2014 in various parts of New York City, to counter the escalation of violence and brutalization. Among the works performed by this “Manhattan project” is Händel’s Messiah.

We hope to inspire musically interested amateurs of all ages and backgrounds to jointly discover the beauty of classical compositions, and to perform great works of art in collaboration with professional musicians. You are most welcome to join our chorus!


Russian Children’s Chorus of the Schostakowitsch Music School of Berlin-Lichtenberg

The Russian Children’s Chorus of Schostakowitsch Music School of Berlin-Lichtenberg was founded in 2010, and its repertoire includes European and Russian Chorus pieces, Folksongs, classical and popular Music. It regularly performs its own concerts and partake in various events. Chorus director: Irina Freitag.



Berlin Chinese Academicians’ Chorus

The Chinese Academic Chorus Berlin was founded in February 1995. Their members come from China, but they study, do research or work in Berlin and the surrounding area. The Chorus has performed at many international events in Berlin as well as in Dresden, Leipzig, Hannover and Bonn and was in 1997 chosen by the Shanghai Opera House to act as opera Chorus for the first European performance of the stage work “Savage Land” at the Saarland State Theatre. In 2007 the Chorus performed together with the Xiamen Philharmonic Orchestra the Chinese symphonic poem “Echo of the Hakka Houses of the Earth” in the concert hall of the Berlin Philharmonic. The various activities of the Chinese Academic Chorus served as vehicle for cultural exchange in Germany, which is recognized and valued from all sides. Internationally acclaimed pianist Ya-ou Xie has recently taken over the position of conductor.

Geminiani front image

Camerata Geminiani

The Camerata Geminiani is the first string chamber orchestra in London – and probably in Europe – which performs at 432Hz. Made of musicians with international experience and coming from different countries, they share the same passion about music, enjoying an extremely intense feedback from the public. The Camerata collaborates with many high level soloists which are enthusiastic to taste the exquisite experience of the original frequency. It has to be very clear that the Camerata Geminiani is NOT a baroque orchestra, and plays in a modern way and with vibrato.

Gian Marco Sanna

Founder and artistic director of The Geminiani Project, he is an Italian violinist with international experience; he has been invited as a soloist, and a leader from various orchestras. He also collaborated with several orchestras in Europe. Second leader and soloist of the Camerata Ensemble with Roberto Valdes, he is a passionate musician and teacher, some of whose students have received awards in international competitions. He plays a Nicolas Lupot of the end of the 18th century.

Roberto Valdes (Guest artist)

Very renowned musician, he’s a cuban violinist and professor, which played in important theatres around the world; amongst his collaborations, as an international soloist, are important names like Frank Preuss, and Mikhail Bezverkhny. Also a soloist, founder, leader, and artistic director of Camerata Filarmonica del Caribe, and Camerata Ensemble, among others, he’s a professor in Lisbon-Portugal; many of his students won international prizes.



The Schiller Institute

Creating a new paradigm for the common future of mankind

The international Schiller Institute, founded in 1984, is committed to defending the inalienable right of each human being to material, moral and intellectual development. It is named after Friedrich Schiller, the great poet and playwright whose works have inspired republican opposition to oligarchical tyranny worldwide.

Helga Zepp-LaRouche, the wife of American statesman and economist Lyndon LaRouche, is the founder and chairwoman of the international Schiller Institute. The Schiller Institute promotes a global dialogue of cultures as the indispensable alternative to geopolitical confrontation, which threatens mankind’s existence.

For over thirty years, in its international conferences, seminars and publications, the Institute has provided concepts for overcoming poverty on all continents by developing the world economy through large-scale infrastructure projects (World Land-Bridge, New Silk Road). The Schiller Institute is particularly committed to the development of Africa and the Middle East via a crash program for the immediate development of basic infrastructure, industry and agriculture.

The fight for a new just world economic order, which will allow each and every nation to develop, has been the hallmark of the Schiller Institute since its foundation. But that goal can only be reached if accompanied by a simultaneous cultural Renaissance, centered on the creative capacities of mankind. As Schiller wrote in The Legislation of Lycurgus and Solon, “the purpose of mankind is none other than the development of all of Man’s powers, or progress.” The Schiller Institute was founded simultaneously in Germany and the United States in 1984 and expanded quickly internationally. Today it exists in many European nations, in the United States, in Ibero-America and in Australia, and has many supporters and friends in Russia, China, Asia, the Mideast and Africa.